hello friends in this post we are going to discuss about Introduction to EIA Multiple choice questions | Introduction to EIA Question Answers Dumps | Introduction to EIA MCQ with answers | Introduction to EIA Objective type questions
1.Where undertaken, EIA should be used to help determine whether consent is given for development
b. hardly ever
2.The primary reason for Environmental Impact Assessment is to
a. mitigate existing environmental impacts of development
b. predict the size of impacts of developments
c. describe proposed developments
d. identify the environmental consequences of development in advance
3.Which of the following statements are false?
a. land use planning systems do the same thing as EIA
b. EIA is intended to be a rational and comprehensive assessment
c. EIA is costly and time consuming
d. EIA is a process
4.EIA is necessary because?
a. development is bad for the environment
b. there is growing interest in sustainability
c. environmental impacts of developments are of public interest
d. none of the above
5.Which environmental principle best reflects the intent of EIA?
a. polluter pays
b. prevention is better than cure
c. reduce reuse recycle
d. none of the above
6. Impacts on which of the following should not be considered in an EIA?
b. Human Health
d. Impacts on environmental consultants
7.Which of the elements of the EIA process does the following expression describe?…identifying at an early stage, from all a project’s possible impacts, those that are the crucial, significant ones….
c. baseline description
8.Which of the elements of the EIA process does the following expression describe?…..narrowing the application of EIA to those projects that may have significant environmental impacts….
c. baseline description
9.Which of the elements of the EIA process does the following expression describe?…..establishing the present and future states of the environment in the absence of the project……
c. baseline description
10.Which of the following best describes why public involvement is necessary and integral to EIA?
a. Without incorporating stakeholder views EIA cannot be expected to accurately record the
impact significance of the project
b. Public acceptability is important to ensure that political proponents of the project are re-elected
c. The law requires that the public are notified of developments
d. The developer who does not undertake public consultation will be able to undertake the project
11.An Environmental Statement should examine the potential impacts of a development and present them from
a. the regulator’s perspective
b. the developer’s view
c. an unbiased view, minimising subjectivity
d. the environmental consultant’s view
12.The European Commission wanted to introduce EIA because
a. it would improve environmental conditions across Europe
b. it would reduce costs for European businesses
c. it would reduce competition amongst European businesses
13.EIA under Directive 97/11 differs from EIA under the US NEPA in that it
a. only relates to programmes
b. only deals with effects on humans
c. only relates to private sector developments
d. covers both public and private sector develpments
14.Projects requiring EIA may be subject to consent procedures
a. after the EIA has been carried out
b. before the EIA has been carried out
c. whilst the EIA is being carried out
d. at any point in the process
15.Canadian EIA Legislation is distinctive because
a. It was the first to be enacted
b. It was the last to be enacted
c. It enshrines the requirement for public participation
d. It is the most comprehensive impact assessment system
16.The best way to deal with opposition to development proposals is to
a. ignore it
b. involve stakeholders in the process of EIA
c. involve objectors once the Environmental Statement is complete
17.Which statement best summarises public involvement?
a. informing the public about the project
b. engaging the public in participating in project impact evaluation
c. engaging the public in promoting the project
d. minimising bad publicity about the project
18.Which statement best summarises the role of negotiation within EIA public involvement processes?
a. Allows different interest groups to resolve disputes and differences by recognising each others
viewpoints and values
b. Allows two way flow of information between the proponent and the public
c. Allows developer/proponent to avoid bad publicity
d. Allows decision makers to provide permission for the project to proceed
19.The responsibility and cost related to undertaking public consultation and involvement in EIA should fall on
a. the developer
b. the local authority
c. the environment agency
d. a range of different statutory agencies
20.Which of the following statements is true?
a. EIA involves a wide range of actors and agencies
b. EIA mainly involves developers and the public
c. EIA is largely a matter for developers
d. EIA is mainly an issue affecting developers and regulators
21.What are the key factors which must be taken into account when determining whether a project requires EIA or not?
a. Size of the project
b. Size of the project and sensitivity of the surrounding environment
c. Size of the project, sensitivity of the surrounding environment and effect on local communities
d. Size of the project, sensitivity of the surrounding environment, effect on local communities and
opinion of the developer
22.In some jurisdictions, project size is used as a proxy screening criteria. What is the key problem with this approach?
a. Size matters but its also where it is located that counts
b. Projects can in certain cases be split up in order that they fall below the threshold criteria
c. Projects may use different processes, technologies or design which vary their impacts
irrespective of size
d. All of the above
23.Which of the following is never an acceptable outcome of the screening process?
a. A full and comprehensive EIA is required
b. EIA consideration is not required
c. No further level of EIA is required
d. A more limited EIA is required
24.Where a preliminary EIA is carried out during screening, which of the following should not be included?
a. A description of the proposal
b. Review of the degree of public concern and interest about the proposal
c. A plan for mitigation measures
d. Review of the potential impacts of the proposal and their likely significance
25.Why aren’t all projects subject to EIA?
a. If all projects were subject to EIA, costs would be higher and overall benefits of EIA relatively
b. If all projects were subject to EIA, costs would be lower and overall benefits of EIA relatively
c. If all projects were subject to EIA, consultants and practitioners would not be able to cope with
d. If all projects were subject to EIA, wrong decisions would be made about a proportion of these
26.Scoping is important to the EIA process because
a. it decides from all the possible impacts which are the potentially significant ones
b. it saves the developer money
c. it ensures the environmental effects of the project are all considered in detail
d. it identifies all possible alternatives
27.Which of the following are not required to be included in a scoping report or ToR?
a. an overview of the community that is likely to be affected
b. description of the screening process
c. an overview or profile of the proposal and receiving enironment
d. the possible alternatives to the project
28.Best practice scoping requires
a. relevant experience of other similar developments
b. using formal scoping techniques
c. a site visit
d. all of the above
29.Which of the following should be included in the scoping study/ToR?
a. the policy and institutional frameworks under which the EIA will be conducted
b. problems with data availability
c. spatial amd temporal parameters for detailed studies
d. all of the above
30.Which of the following is not a material consideration when making impact predictions of environmental damage?
a. the period of time an impact will last for
b. the benefits of the project for jobs and the economy
c. the area over which an impact will occur
d. the intensity of environmental damage within the impact zone
31.Which of the following are indirect impacts?
a. visual impact of a chimney in a power station project
b. impact of mining raw materials for building a new power station
c. predicted noise impact of a new road in operation
d. impact on air quality from trucking supplies of wood to a construction site
32.An impact threshold is best described as:
a. a point at which a small dose increase causes a relatively large response
b. a point of maximum or minimum impact
c. a point of no change in the dose-response relationship
d. a point where permanent environmental damage is caused
33.The dose-response relationship can best be defined as:
a. the relationship between the impact and the effort needed to clean up the environment
b. the relationship between the impact and the response of people to the environmental damage
c. the relationship between the amount of impact agent and the resultant change in the
d. the relationship between the amount of impact agent and the time taken for the change in the
environment to take effect
34.Uncertainty is inherent within the impact assessment process, because:
a. it involves predicting the future
b. we do not have complete knowledge of the way in which environmental impacts occur
c. we do not know what value future generations will ascribe to different aspects of the natural
d. all of the above
35.In what type of impact might you provide impact predictions in terms of Biological Oxygen Demand?
a. water quality
36.Particulate emissions are:
a. fine dust usually measured by quantity and size in microns, such as PM10 (up to 10 microns)
b. not included in air pollution studies
c. fine dust defined as chemically toxic
d. limited in their impacts to nuisance effects
38.Which of the following statements is most true?
a. landscape impact cannot be measured because it is subjective
b. landscape impact is a cultural concept
c. landscape impact for a given development is independent of setting
d. landscape impact is only an issue in national parks
39.If the state of knowledge is insufficient to be able to confidently and precisely predict an impact, we should:
a. discount it from consideration
b. apply the precautionary principle by assuming the highest likely value
c. apply the precautionary principle by abandoning the project
d. apply the precautionary principle by assuming a nominal value
40.Which best describes the process of extrapolation?
a. inferring within an existing data set
b. extending beyond an existing data set
c. drawing a line between two or more data points
d. creating a new data set
41.Which of the following criteria should not contribute to the process of establishing impact significance?
a. likelihood or probability of the impact occurring
b. sensitivity of the receiving environment
c. views and values of the public
d. views and values of the developer
42.Which of the following statements is true?
a. magnitude is not relevant in impact assessment
b. magnitude is primarily subjective
c. predicting significance involves value judgements about importance
d. predicting significance is objective
43.Which of the following is not a valid explanation of why monetisation is rarely attempted in EIA?
a. because there are problems in ascribing monetary values to many environmental assets
b. because many people refuse to put a cash value on a view
c. because we do not know how valuable current environmental assets are to future generations
d. because it would render all developments unprofitable
44.Which of the following require mitigation?
a. significant adverse impacts
b. significant positive effects
c. any impacts for which mitigation is possible
d. any impacts which are negative
45.The developer would normally prefer ‘acceptance and trade-off’ to ‘impact reduction by design’ because:
a. costs are lower
b. environmental benefits are higher
c. it generally has less impact on project design
d. it generally has more effect on project design
46.Which of the following general approaches to mitigation is most likely to offer the best environmental option to mitigate for the damage to landscape caused by a proposed 5- year phase of mineral working?
a. Providing screening
b. Acceptance and trade-off
c. Impact reduction by re-design
d. Restoration plan and finance
47. One pitfall of construction traffic route mitigation is that truck drivers may fail to use the least-impact, approved route. How may this problem best be overcome?
a. Assume that only half of the drivers will use the approved route when carrying out impact
b. Recommend signage and temporary road narrowing blocks to ensure the route is followed
c. Require that smaller vehicles are used as this will reduce the impact
d. Require drivers to take half-loads to reduce the impact
48.Road noise is often mitigated by the construction of acoustic barriers between the noise source and the receptor. Which of the following secondary impacts is most likely to result?
a. Habitat loss
b. Visual amenity loss
c. Increased accidents
d. Increased air pollution from the road
49.To reduce flood risks downstream of a river section which is to be culverted passing through an urban area, the following measure should be considered:
a. Incorporate high friction surfaces in the culvert
b. Recommend that the culvert is enlarged
c. Recommend that low friction surfaces be used in the culvert
d. Recommend that culverts are closed during storm events
50.Mitigation is possible through specifying the timing of activities in order to avoid nesting/breeding times for which of the following impacts?
a. Operation of a tidal barrage scheme
b. Operation of a pipeline project across an estuary
c. Construction of a pipeline project across an estuary
d. Construction and operation of a hard rock quarry