World history-Absolutism and Revolution Question Answers

Hello friends in this post we are going to discuss about World history-Absolutism and Revolution Questions with answers | World history-Absolutism and Revolution MCQ With Answers | World history-Absolutism and Revolution History Dallas College ANswers

Which of the following would Locke most favor?


Why was James I resistant to work with Parliament?

He believed in the absolute power of kings.

Which statement gives the best summary of the English Bill of Rights?

The bill ensured superiority of Parliament over the monarchy.

To protect liberty, what did Montesquieu propose?

He proposed that the government be divided into separate branches.

Who believed that the best economic system was on in which business compete to gain profit

with minimal or no government control?

Adam Smith

Rousseau wrote, “Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains.” What kind of government

did he favor in order to ensure greater freedom?

A popularly elected government

Which form of government did Hobbes think could best maintain social order?

Absolute monarchy

What was the impact of the English Bill of Rights on the development of democracy in England?

It gave Parliament essential powers independent of the monarchy.

Which of the following was a significant result of the Glorious Revolution?

English King, James II, was overthrown.

Which of the following characterizes the economic system favored by Adam Smith?

Supply and demand regulate business

Which statement describes the influence of Elizabeth I on England?

Her skillful use of personal advisors to communicate her wishes to Parliament promoted


Elizabeth I’s relationship with Parliament demonstrated which of the following to other


A female absolute ruler can work together with Parliament.

Who were the oligarchs that controlled elections to the House of Commons?

Wealthy businessmen, Affluent landowners.

How did the British oligarchs threaten the livelihood of the poor?

They bought common lands, They evicted tenant farmers.

Magna Carta

– first English document to limit power of the monarch

– limited the power of the King in areas like taxation

cause of the English Civil War

a clash between King Charles I and Parliament after Charles tried to assert divine right to rule


Charles the V of Spain

King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor. Absolute Monarch. He is the only know king that

retires from being King, Monarch, Holy Roman Empire.

Charles the I/Stuart

Was beheaded on the order of Cromwell and the Roundheads

English Civil War/Puritan Revolution

conflict from 1640-1660; religious disputes mixed with constitutional issues (the powers of the

monarch); ended w/ restoration of the monarch following execution of previous king

Oliver Cromwell

English military, political, and religious figure who led the Parliamentarian victory in the English

Civil War (1642-1649) and called for the execution of Charles I. As lord protector of England

(1653-1658) he ruled as a virtual dictator.

Charles the II/Stuart

First monarch of the restoration

The Glorious Revolution

William and Mary kicked James II out of England (exiled into France), allowed more power to

the legislatures

English Bill of Rights

King William and Queen Mary accepted this document in 1689. It guaranteed certain rights to

English citizens and declared that elections for Parliament would happen frequently. By

accepting this document, they supported a limited monarchy, a system in which they shared

their power with Parliament and the people.

Limited Monarchy

government in which a constitution or legislative body limits the monarch’s powers

Natural Laws

laws that govern human nature

John Locke

English philosopher who advocated the idea of a “social contract” in which government powers

are derived from the consent of the governed and in which the government serves the people;

also said people have natural rights to life, liberty and property.

Baron de Montesquieu

French aristocrat who wanted to limit royal absolutism; Wrote The Spirit of Laws, urging that

power be separated between executive, legislative, and judicial branches, each balancing out

the others, thus preventing despotism and preserving freedom. This greatly influenced writers of

the US Constitution. He greatly admired British form of government.

Enlightened Despots

Absolute rulers who used their power to bring about political and social change


(1712-1778) Believed that society threatened natural rights and freedoms. Wrote about society’s

corruption caused by the revival of sciences and art instead of it’s improvement. He was

sponsored by the wealthy and participated in salons but often felt uncomfortable and denounced

them. Wrote “The Social Contract.”


ruling with absolute authority; extremely bossy; absolute in power or authority;


a landowning noble of Russia; Russian noble; landowning noble in Russia under the tsars;

Catherine the Great

Catherine the Great (1729-1796) was the German-born empress of Russia (1762-1796) who led

her country in becoming part of the political and cultural life of Europe.

Frederick II

“Frederick The Great”-1712-1786;King of Prussia, aggressive in foreign affairs. Used military to

increase power. Encouraged religious tolerance and legal reform.


(n.) something that divides (such as a wall); the act of dividing something into parts or sections;

(v.) to divide or subdivide into parts or shares

Peter the Great

(1672-1725) Russian tsar (r. 1689-1725). He enthusiastically introduced Western languages and

technologies to the Russian elite, moving the capital from Moscow to the new city of St.


St. Petersburg

Built by Peter the Great of Russia to attract europeans and to get warm water ports.

warm-water port

port that is free of ice year round


adoption of western ideas, technology, and culture


person appointed to vote in presidential elections for the major candidates


hired soldier; a professional soldier hired by a foreign army;


A reduction in population caused by natural or human-made forces.

Peace of Westphalia

the peace treaty that ended the Thirty Years’ War in 1648

Maria Theresa

This was the queen of Austria as a result of the Pragmatic Sanction. She limited the papacy’s

political influence in Austria, strengthened her central bureaucracy and cautiously reduced the

power that nobles had over their serfs

War of the Austrian Succession

series of wars in which various European nations competed for power in Central Europe after

the death of Hapsburg emperor Charles VI; This war was over the inheritance of the throne by

Maria Theresa, for the Salic law prevented a woman from solely ruling the state


a strong military state in central Europe that emerged in the late 1600s

Frederick William I

(1713-1740) Calvinist; his reforms were intended to subordinate both aristocracy and peasantry

to the needs of the state + subordinate needs of the states to the demands of the military;

integrated economic +military structures of state; appointed only German officers to command

troops, eliminating mercenaries who sold their services to the highest bidder; placed noblemen

at head of locally recruited regiments; every adult male required to register for service in

regiment of local landlord; by end of reign, almost 70% of state expenditures went to army,

pacific foreign policy

what s the french bishop referring to in this passage

the divine authority of king louis XIV

which of the followng enlightenment principles from rousseau is evident in the us constitution

separation of powers

which monarch continued to allow serfs

peter the great, Catherine the great

which of these documents was the first to lay out specific rights and provide a limit on th

monarchs power

english bill of rights

which is a characteristic of the us constitution

separation of powers

why was the bastille an important symbol to the french

it represented the social injustice of the ancient regime

how did frances social divisions in the late 1700s contribute to the french revolution

members of the 3rd estate were dissatisfied with social and economic inequality

how did france change under the national assembely

france became a constitutional monarchy

with which statement would enlightenment thinker john locke have agreed

people have the right to overthrow a government that violates their rights

which of the following was most responsible for napoleons rise to power

his reputation as a military leader

why was napoleon unable to successfully establish a french empire in europe

most nations people resented the imposition of french culture

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